In molecular biology, the codon chart has enabled scientists to explore the mechanisms of gene expression, regulation and mutation, allowing for comparative studies across species. And in medicine, it helps scientists and doctors advance genetic research and develop therapeutic interventions.

In genetic science, the codon chart enables the modification of genes for researchers who are studying disease mechanisms or producing therapeutic proteins. For instance, recombinant DNA technology, which relies on the codon chart, has led to the production of insulin, growth hormones and other biologically important substances.

The chart is also crucial in the development of gene therapy, where doctors correct or replace faulty genes to treat genetic disorders.

Understanding codons also helps scientists design mRNA vaccines, such as those that researchers developed for COVID-19. By optimizing the codon sequences for efficient protein expression in human cells, scientists can better ensure a vaccine’s effectiveness.

We created this article in conjunction with AI technology, then made sure it was fact-checked and edited by a HowStuffWorks editor.

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